Over the last few years the Mapping Museums team has collected information on all the UK museums that had been opened since 1960. You can read a detailed analysis of the data in the linked report or see the key findings on the website, but there are five points that we found particularly interesting. These are:
- Over 3,000 new museums have opened since 1960.
- The museum sector grew continuously from 1960 until 2015, although growth was concentrated in the 1970s and 1980s.
- Most of the museums were small, which is to say they attracted less than 10,000 visitors a year.
- Most of the new museums were independent and were established by special interest or community groups.
In short, there was a massive boom in the number of small independent museums, or micromuseums, and this growth was largely propelled by the work of ordinary people, and not by the foundation of local authority museums.
Another point that also arrested our interest was that:
- Among small independent museums the most popular subject matter was local history, war and conflict, and transport.
For the research team, then, the questions were why did so many people decide to establish their own museums, why did they do so during the late-twentieth century, and why the focus on these subject areas?
Dr Toby Butler, one of the post-doctoral researchers on the project, set out to find some answers by conducting a series of interviews with people who had founded micromuseums (See blogs: ‘On the road with the Mapping Museums project’ and ‘Finding museum founders’). The transcripts of those monographs are on the project website. At the same, time, Dr Jake Watts investigated some of the wider socio-economic factors that underpinned the foundation of particular types of museums. The three of us then read through that material, discussed their findings, and planned a co-authored monograph, which I am now writing. We did discuss the possibility of us all writing individual sections but decided that it would be a better read if it has a consistent style and presented a synthesis of our research.
Toby’s interview transcripts run to some 250,000 words of rich material about the early histories of thirty-eight micromuseums, and Jake generated extensive material on changes to the railways, car ownership, the structure of the British army, local history societies and many other topics that all informed our investigation. Together, they provided me with enough material for several books, not just one. We can’t decide whether to call it The Micromuseums Boom or Why thousands of ordinary people decided to open their own museums, or if it should have a different title entirely. Perhaps you can let us know what you think.
4 thoughts on “Why did so many ordinary people set up their own museums?”
I think that it would be interesting to examine the role of the Area Museum Councils in England and their national equivalents in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, in this area. They were on the ground for much of the period you are studying and were helping the ‘thousands of ordinary people’ consider the pros and cons of setting up new museums. You don’t mention them above, but individually and collectively they were providing a wide range of guidance and support in different forms from the late 1950s onwards until their role (in England at least) was subsumed into the Arts Council. Their individual influence on the distribution patterns of independent museums is worthy of note.
Sadly no reference to the genre known as the virtual museum, ie. those which predominantly exist on line. They often document the personal collections of people with passion for a certain subject. e.g. the World Carrot Museum, established pre-millennium and receives over 1000 visitors a month EVERY month. Free entry and open 24/7/365 and has become the definitive resource for scholars, aboriculturists and the general public.
When deciding which museums to include in our database, one of the criteria is that they should be physically accessible to the public. You can read more about the approach taken here: https://journals.le.ac.uk/ojs1/index.php/mas/article/view/3147
Suggested title – “Museums of Enthusiasms” or “Why Many Museums are Created by Enthusiasts”
Some small museums do not outlive their founders. Others, such as the Classic Boat Museum in Cowes, continue in a different form. While still run by volunteers, they work with local museum development programmes to achieve accreditation, collaborate with similar subject small museums to gain critical mass and build relations with larger museums. In seeking support from public funds for audience development, collection management and digitisation, they recognise the need to work alongside consultants in order to build skills and professionalise their approach.